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from Angèle Lewis

[Mauvaise graine]

Dans mon corps J'avais Un jardin d'hiver

Vivante derrière les vitres Qui me tenaient à l'écart De l'air Du vent Qui ébouriffe les cheveux Et porte tous les mots Les plus doux comme les plus brutes Mots déplacés qui bougent trop les lignes Du bien vivre ensemble Branches lisses Tendues Bien vivre ensemble sans vent Pour troubler l'immuabilité des feuilles Chacune à sa bonne place

Puis Je me suis retrouvée Maison au toit défoncé Qui cherche ses racines Maison à ciel ouvert Où s'épanouit La menthe L'ortie Le toit s'effondre sous l'éruption végétale J'irradie Mon cœur-crocus sort de la neige Et s'emballe

Des jardins comme des lieux qui m'habitent Je les porte moi-même au monde Plutôt que de les y chercher

L'herbe pousse dans la faille du mur De l'intérieur Vers l'extérieur

Ça germe Ça vit

Peut-être même Que Ça fleurit

 
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from zackbenny

USCIS Certified Translation Services | Authorized Company  Description :USCIS Certified translation services are vital, but do you know when you can need them and how they are different from general translation? Click to read more. All About USCIS Certified Translation Services You might have heard about the USCIS certified translation services but if you don’t know what exactly they are and how they are different from other general translation services, then you have landed on the correct page.    USCIS translation services are the solutions provided by the online translation agencies specifically for USCIS related documents. USCIS is an American agency that deals with citizenship, visa, and immigration-related procedures. The translation required by this agency is quite different from the ones that we hire for other needs.

Certified translation services for USCIS involves certified translators, working either independently or with a company, to perform translation procedure. The translator, who is not certified from ATA is not allowed to perform such type of translations.   In certified translation services, one certificate is given along with the translated document to the customer. This certificate acts as proof that the translation performed is complete and accurate. The certificate is signed by the translator and sealed by the translation company. This certificate involves a lot of information about the translator and the translated document. It includes the following information: • Full Name of the Translator • Certification/ Affiliation • Title of the Translated Document • Number of Pages • Address of the Translator • Signature of the Translator • Date • Seal of the Authorized Agency When USCIS Certified Document Translation Services Are Useful? There are many instances when you may need to hire USCIS certified document translation services. A few of these scenarios are given below: 1. If you have plans to move abroad, certified document translation services can help you reach there, as the organizations on the foreign land will demand translated documents along with certificates. 2. For all the immigration procedures, documents are required to be translated into the native language of the foreign country, which requires document translation services. 3. In case if you are applying for American universities for studies, USCIS will demand for documents which are translated with certificate. 4. Another such scenario is when you have got a job in a new country. The hiring organization will ask you to submit the certified translated documents. A USCIS approved document is accepted by all other government and private companies as well. There are many documents that require USCIS certified translation services. Most of the identity documents, certificates, and other important documents are some of them. The list of a few of these documents are:

Birth Certificate, Death Certificate, Bank Statements, Marriage certificate, Divorce Certificate, Driving License, Voter Registration Card, Diploma Certificate, Degree Certificate, Crime Record Certificate, Medical Certificate, Transfer Certificate, Official IDs, etc.

Why To Hire USCIS Approved Translation Services? USCIS stands for US Citizenship and Immigration Services, which is an organization responsible for immigration, visa, citizenship and other related procedures. USCIS has a rule which states that all the documents required for either of the above-mentioned processes, needs to be submitted to the organization if present in the English language alone. In case, if the documents are not in English, the translation of these documents is required. Initially, USCIS used to accept notarized translated documents, where the certificate of translation is signed by the translator in front of a notary. Later, they made changes in the rules and started accepted certified translated documents. The main purpose of the certificate is to define that the translation is accurate, complete and is performed by a certified translator. For any of your USCIS certified translation needs, it is highly recommended to hire the best service in the United States; and that is Click For Translation.

 
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from Argeveller

Un endroit ydillique en Bretagne, sur le côte aux granits roses, des hackeuses, hackers, designeuses, designers, écologues, linguistes, architectes, militant⋅e⋅s, programmeuses et programmeurs, ingé⋅e⋅s, queers, se réunissent.

Des bords bords du Jaudy, sur épéron de roches et de terres face à la mer, elles et ils pensent que leurs utopies peuvent panser un peu le monde.

Dès le premier jour, à l’abri des pins, les WC et la douche rompent leur assignation à évacuation des matières. Leur espoir de deux semaines estivales florissantes sont menacés, leur hygiène est compromise. Un enfant de moins de dix ans est privé de commodités élémentaires dites modernes. Manger devenait compliqué car la vaisselle difficile à réaliser sans rejeter d’eau.

Les WC se bouchent, la douche refoule, l’odeur de putréfaction colle à leur système de conceptions idéalistes, l’odeur se répand dans le paysage. Même la vase de l’embouchure de la rivière ne rivalise pas avec ce spectre et son suaire olfactif.

Elles et ils pensent les liens, les techniques, les cultures, les systèmes et infrastructures. Elles et ils tissent des étoles de promesses et de devenirs. Pourtant cette panne les paralysait, au point critique que personnes n’agissait.

Il n’y a pas de “How To”, de “write up”, de “post mortem”, de page wiki pour ces situations. Seule les manches retroussées de rares personnes qui acceptent la responsabilité de l’investigation dans le dur, qui se chargent de patauger et de remuer les défécations d’un groupe social, ici concentré comme rarement sur cette zone, sont les agentes et agents de persistances d’une continuité de qualité de vie moderne faisant face à l’obligation physiologique.

Nous étions face à une esthétique, tout autant face à une métaphore, d'imbrications de construits dont nous héritons sans avoir choisi ce lègue, confronté·e·s à l'injonction de nous en responsabiliser. Nous entrions en profondeur « négociation tacite » avec les systèmes dont nous étions surgeonnes et surgeons.

Deux, nous avions été deux à prendre une pioche partagée pour fendre le puissant granit dans l’attente de libérer une hypothétique fausse ; à s’acharner à découvrir les drains bouchés par les temps et les rejets des humains. Chaque coup de boutoir n’enlevait que quelques éclats de roche, faisant raisonner notre squelette comme un simple tube métallique. En revanche de notre opiniâtreté nous recevions des jaillissements de liquide chargé de matières molles dont nous refusions la composition bien qu’étant obligés d’en avoir les odeurs.

Sueurs d’août, eau croupie, excréments, éclats de granit rose, finissaient par former un nouveau film, part de nous et de notre labeur, à même notre peau et faible quantité de vêtements.

La fausse fut découverte après une journée de bagnards. Il fallut ensuite y plonger seau et mains pour purger de mix de matières et de liquides afin d’envisager à la racine le problème. Pas non plus rejeter n’importe comment, ni n’importe où, ces reliquats de notre humanité que le temps de la nature et les technologies n’avaient pas encore eu le plaisir de traiter et digérer. Un ydillique cap rose ne mérite pas notre infection.

Le groupe, lui comment il fonctionnait ? Dans l’indigence, dans la mécanique sociale cassée, tout du moins arrêtée jusqu’à l’extrême capacité à retenir des besoins du corps. Certaines personnes encourageaient, d’autres regardaient par la fenêtre, d’autres encore s’échappait à la situation. Une forme de socialité chargée se constituait ; deux creusaient.

Ces personnes, pouvant être vues et lues comme « en capacité », sachantes, ou performantes, étaient ici dans une épaisse panne qui les gênait. Revelant aux passage beaucoup de l’intime et du fonctionnement de leur prédéceseuses et prédécesseurs, exposant à l’œil et au nez un envers du décors de nos communautés.

Nous avions pioché et curé plus d’une journée et demi. La pioche en étant usée, même rabougrie dans son profil. Déboucher, re-tuayauter, puis retapisser de sols, n’auront été que des épiphénomènes, tant ils furent faciles physiquement, tant la tension n’existait que dans la panne non-résolue du fonctionnement sanitaire.

Le camp des utopistes, des commonistes, pouvait reprendre le chemin du fonctionnement qui lui était promis. Là dans ce coin de paradis qui jadis fut et aujourd’hui est le théâtre de pirateries dont on ne sait jamais vraiment si elles furent fictionnées ou perpétrées.

Aux ami⋅e⋅s, à Kerbors.

 
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from rinnai

암호화폐라는 명칭은 “자금결제에 관한 법률”에 근거가 있는 것이므로, 변경에는 법률 개정이라는 대규모 절차가 필요함을 고려할 때 보고서가 굳이 명칭을 암호 자산으로 변경하도록 제언하는 이유로는 단순히 해외에서 암호 자산이라는 표현이 정착되고 있는 것만이 아니라, 암호화폐의 통화로서의 지위에 대해 부정적인 견해를 표명하기에 이른 것이라고 해도 좋을 것입니다.

배경으로서는 통화의 결제수단으로서의 기능을 생각할 때 이른바 캐시리스화가 급속히 정책과제로까지 부상하고 있는 가운데 법정통화의 디지털화가 진전되고 있는 것입니다만, 이들은 일본의 법률 하에서는 '통화표시자산'이나 '선불식 지불수단' 등에 해당되어 표시된 법정화폐와 같은 가치를 갖는 것에 지나지 않으므로 암호화폐라는 신개념을 전혀 필요로 하지 않을 것입니다.

또한 가치의 저장수단으로서의 기능에 대해서도 암호화폐의 현재 상황에서는 그 고유의 독자적인 경제권이 성립되지 않는 가운데 법정화폐와의 대비에서 상대가치를 합리적으로 평가측정하는 수법을 상정할 수 없고, 순전한 투기대상으로서의 존재 의의 밖에 인정할 수 없는 실정입니다.통화는 FX에서 보듯이 투기 대상이 될 수 있지만, 반대로, 투기 대상이 될 수 있기 때문에 암호화폐가 통화라고 할 수 없는 것입니다.

그래서 종합적으로 판단하면 가상화폐는 적어도 현재 상황에서 통화로서의 기능이 없어 단순한 투기대상일 뿐이라고 생각할 수밖에 없지만, 동시에 법정화폐로 교환 가능한 한 자산성이 있다는 것도 부정할 수 없으며, 결국 암호자산당 명칭이 타당한 명칭이 될 것입니다.

암호화폐의 통화로서의 조건

그럼 암호화폐가 통화가 될 수 있다고 한다면 그 조건은 무엇일까요.가상화폐는 법정화폐와 대등한 것이어야 하며, 특정 법정화폐에 종속되는 것이 아닌 단순 법정화폐의 디지털화 혹은 암호화가 아니라는 것입니다.또 그것이 법정 통화가 아니라는 것은 배후에 법을, 즉 정치권력을 갖지 않는다는 것입니다.

가상화폐가 배후에 정치권력을 가지지 않는다면 발행체는 없는 것이 될 수밖에 없습니다. 왜냐하면 발행체를 갖는다면 그 발행체의 배후에 정치권력을 상정할 수밖에 없고, 일본의 법률 하에서는 '통화건 자산', '선불식 지불 수단', 금융상품의 어느 하나에 해당될 것이 틀림없기 때문입니다.

따라서 암호화폐는 상식적으로는 관념 불능이지만 정보기술의 고도화에 따라 디지털 공간상에 자율적으로 존재하는 것으로 실현될 수 있다는 주장에 대해서는 그것이 상식을 초월한다고 해도 부정할 수 없는 현 상황이 있는 것입니다.

그래서 암호화폐는 통화로서 존재할 수 있기 위해서는 발행체, 즉 특정 관리자를 가지지 않고 정보기술적으로 자율성을 갖춘 질서를 형성하고 있을 것, 복제, 개찬, 유출 등의 불가능성을 기술적으로 보증할 수 있는 것 등 고도의 기술적 요건을 충족해야 하는데, 현재 그러한 요건을 충족하는 것이 여러 개 존재한다고 되어 있는 것 같습니다.

그러나, 기술적 요건만으로는, 통화로서의 실질적인 기능을 충족하는 것은 아닙니다.법정화폐는 배후에 국가를 갖는 것인데, 국가는 정치적인 결합일 뿐 아니라 경제적 결합, 즉 자율적인 경제권이기도 하고, 통화는 경제권이 있어야 의미가 있으며, 반대로 경제권을 조직하는 것이어야 의미가 있습니다.그런데 가상화폐에 대해 말하자면 기술적 요건을 충족하고 있는 것도 그 배후에 경제권의 성립을 인정하는 것은 불가능한 것이 현실입니다.

단순 투기대상 가상화폐

하지만 미래 가능성은 몰라도 현실적으로는 가상화폐는 마치 온라인 카지노 같은 투기대상일 뿐입니다.게다가 투기 대상이라고 해도 가상화폐는 법정화폐와 달리 순수 투기대상이 돼 버린 것이 큰 문제죠. 즉 FX처럼 법정화폐도 투기대상이 되는데, 법정화폐에는 한편으로 무역이나 자본거래에 따른 거액 실수거래가 있기 때문에 다른 쪽에서 활발한 투기를 하는 것은 시장에 유동성을 공급한다는 중요한 사회적 의의를 갖는 반면 가상화폐의 경우에는 배후에 경제권이 있는 것이 아니기 때문에 실수요를 예상하지 못하고 순전한 투기가 되어버린다는 것입니다.

투기는, 요점은 도박입니다만, 형법상 범죄에 해당하는 도박조차, 복권이나 경마와 같이 특별법으로 합법화되어 있는 것은, 지방 자치체의 자금 조달에의 공헌 등, 일정한 사회적 의의를 인정받고 있습니다.법정화폐의 투기에도 그런 사회적 의의가 있지만 가상화폐의 경우에는 그런 의의를 인정할 여지가 전혀 없습니다.

아마 규제당국의 입장에서 보면 당초에는 암호화폐의 미래 가능성을 호의적으로 인정하여 '자금결제에 관한 법률'에서의 명칭도 암호화폐로 하였겠지만 현실적으로는 통화로서의 발전이 없는 가운데 법률상의 수당이 있는 만큼 오히려 도박장 개장을 합법적으로 허용한 셈이 되고 있는 현상에 대해 규제색을 강화하고 있는 것 같습니다.그것이 암호자산이라는 명칭으로의 변경으로 나타나고 있는 것이라고 생각됩니다.

규제의 잠탈로서의 ICO

ICO에 대해서는 어떻습니까?투기 도구로 자금 조달이라고 하는 것은 과연 어떤 것일까요.ICO 즉 이니셜 코인 오퍼링이란 코인 혹은 토큰이라 불리는 암호화폐를 발행하여 자금을 조달하는 것으로 이니셜 토큰 세일이라고도 합니다.

여기서 분명한 문제는 ICO는 발행체가 있고 그 자금 조달로 발행되는 것이기 때문에 처음부터 암호화폐의 본래 취지에 반한다는 것입니다.물론, 이 점은 의식되고 있고, ICO는 어떤 가치를 공유하는 것이 발기인이 되어 그것에 찬동하는 것을 모집하는 형태를 가장하고 있어, 그 가치 공동체가 경제권을 형성한다고 하는 상정하에 이루어지는 것이 보통으로, 그 경제권은 토큰 이코노미 등으로 불리고 있습니다.

하지만 경제권을 창출하기에 이른 ICO의 실례가 없어 누구나 상상하듯 사기 사안으로 여겨지는 것도 적지 않은 것이 현실입니다.따라서 규제당국 입장에서 보면 ICO에서 발행되는 것이 법률상의 암호화폐 요건을 형식적으로 충족하게 되면 경제권 창출이라는 실질적 요건을 갖추지 못하더라도 ICO에 의한 자금조달이 가능해지는 것에 대해 큰 우려를 갖지 않을 수 없을 것입니다.

특히 규제상의 결정적인 난점은 암호화폐로서의 형식적인 요건을 충족시켜 버리면 자금조달임에도 불구하고 이를 규제하는 '금융상품거래법' 적용을 피해 버린다는 점입니다.실제로 ICO를 검토하는 동기로서'금융상품거래법'을 회피하고 자금을 조달할 수 있는 데 이점을 찾아내는 사안도 적지 않은 것 같습니다.규제 당국 입장에서 보면 우려할 만한 사태가 아닐 수 없습니다.

투기 대상에도 규제 필요

옛날 네덜란드에는 튤립 구근을 대상으로 한 투기로 인한 거품이 있었다고 하는데, 튤립은 원예의 취미 대상이었기에 투기의 대상이 될 수 있었겠지요.모든 것이 투기의 대상이 되는 것은 아니고, 일정한 가치가 뒷받침되지 않으면 투기 대상조차 될 수 없다는 것은 암호자산도 마찬가지라고 생각합니다.

그리고 암호 자산은 단순한 투기 대상에 지나지 않는다고 해도 법률상의 수당이 이루어지고 있는 이상 거래 참여자의 이익은 보호되어야 합니다.특히 기술적 측면에서 복제, 개찬, 유출 등의 위험에 대해 충분히 대응할 필요가 있으므로 규제당국으로서는 기술적 요건에 관한 규제를 강화함으로써 기술의 고도화를 촉진함과 동시에 업자의 진입장벽을 높게 하여 투기나 부정한 ICO를 억제하는 목적도 있을 것입니다.

규제당국으로서는 부정한 원인으로 형성된 자금에 의해 어떤 자산을 취득하고 이를 재매각해 법정화폐로 하면 부정한 기원으로 소급할 수 없게 되는 점, 이것이 자금세탁, 즉 불법자금 세탁인데 암호자산이 자금세탁의 편리한 도구가 될 수 있다는 점은 지극히 심각한 문제입니다.여기에도 암호자산에 관한 규제강화의 불가피한 흐름의 원인이 있습니다.

암호화폐의 가능성

마지막으로, 암호 자산에 통화로서의 미래의 가능성은 있는 것일까요. 암호자산으로의 명칭변경에 따라 현재의 암호화폐는 단순히 파칭코 또는 슬롯머신과 유사한 도박판의 개장에 지나지 않는 것으로서 사회 일각에 봉해지게 되겠지만, 그것은 반대로 암호자산이 진정한 통화, 아마도 암호화폐라고 불리겠지만, 그 암호화폐가 될 수 있기 위한 조건에 대해 새로운 생각을 개시시키는 계기가 될 것입니다.

예를 들면, 아마존이 암호 화폐를 찍어내는 암호 돈으로 교환에 전 주식을 취득하고 비공개화하면 100조 엔이라는 거대한 암호 통화에 따른 경제권이 창출된다, 그렇게 되면 실물 경제의 뒷받침을 가진 진정한 암호 통화가 탄생하게 되고, 그렇게 보는 것은 공상이나 망상도 아니고 가까운 미래를 전망되는 것은 아니겠죠?

 
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from theabbie

How to mind your own business?

I was walking past the mental hospital the other day, and all the patients were shouting, ’13….13….13.’

The fence was too high to see over, but I saw a little gap in the planks, so I looked through to see what was going on.

Some idiot poked me in the eye with a stick!

Then they all started shouting, ’14….14….14.’

 
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from Angèle Lewis

[La Marche des Géantes]

À tous les féminismes qui me chargent d'une joie féroce

La rue crie et s'écrit sous nos pas Résonne de chants De rires De tambours qui grondent Comme l'onde

Marée montante de géantes

La rue de bouscule S'accule Se prend Prends mon slogan Prends mon chant Sens mon sang Qui bout À bout de souffle On crie Nous femmes, filles, mères, grand-mères On crie à bout portant On ne tire pas la révérence On tire dans le tas Dans l'irrévérence Mot pour mot Pas à pas À corps et à cris

Avec nos fesses Nos cuisses Nos langues fourchues Nos bouches farouches Nos dos dressés

Nos têtes indomptables Même à coup de maquillage Le rire et la rage Forment nos visages Pas sages

La rue est notre page On l'écrit

À corps et à cris À cru À corps perdus Qui se retrouvent en masse Qui s'amassent Fracassent le pavé

On prend la liberté D'être là On prend la liberté À bras le corps À bas Le corps corseté qui craque On attaque Le jour et la nuit

À corps et à cris Encore et encore On jouit De cet espace De cette place Face à face Bas les masques On chasse le mascu De tout âge Qui traîne dans parages

On est armées jusqu'aux lèvres On se lève On s'élève entre sœurs Sororité de sorcières Fières Dominées à prédominance féminine Portées par la horde de celles Qui partagent leurs ailes Leurs regards Leurs voix Leurs chants

Prends prends

Cet espace et cette voix Ils existent Pas sexistes Par toi

 
En savoir plus...

from rinnai

결혼이란 파트너에게 사랑과 존경과 헌신과 성실함을 맹세하는 것. 하지만 세상에는 유감스럽게도 상대방에게 말도 안 되는 숨긴 채 이혼에 이른 커플도 여럿 있는 듯 하다.

이에 미국 코스모폴리탄의 인터넷 사이트에 실린, 믿기 힘든 이혼 에피소드 몇가지를 소개한다.

1. 막대한 사유재산

“내가 아는 사람들은 전처에게 빌딩 2개, 고급 지대에 있는 바다를 따라 1개의 펜션, 그리고 2개의 회사가 사용하는 석유 플랫폼 소유주라는 것을 숨겼다고 합니다.”

약 20년 후,그 남자가 돌아가고 두 아들에게 상속되었을 때 처음으로 가족은 그 존재를 알았을까?

2. 엄청난 돈과 다른 가족

“그 남자는 연봉 150만 달러가 있는 사람이었고, 10회에 걸쳐 외도를 반복하고 있었습니다. 이혼 중재의 막바지에서 그는 시애틀에 또 다른 가족이 있다는 사실과 더불어 다른 업계에서도 1400만 달러의 수익을 올리고 있는 것으로 드러났으며, 두 번째 명의로 소유한 주식 옵션(자사주 매입권)의 가치는 약 2억1400만 달러 상당에 달했다고 합니다.”

이 정도면 그야말로 혀를 내두르지 않을 수 없는 수준이다.

3.말도 안 되는 액수의 청구서

“한 부부가 1972년 가스 사용 계약을 마치고 살기 시작한 집에서의 일. 가스회사의 문제로 계약서류가 제대로 처리되지 않았고, 한 번도 청구서가 보내져 오지 않았다고 합니다. 하지만 가스 마개는 열려 있었고, 그 부부는 계속해서 무료로 가스를 사용했습니다. 그 후 두 사람은 이혼했고, 남편은 그 집의 소유주였습니다. 2014년에야 가스 회사가 이 문제를 알아차리게 되었는데, 법률상 지난 몇 년치 청구가 가능했기 때문에 남편에게 상당한 금액의 청구서를 보냈지만 남편은 아내에게 청구서를 보내라고 말했습니다.”

알고보니, 남편이 이혼할 때 가스 회사가 과거의 가스 대금을 청구할 수 있다면 아내가 전액 부담한다는 항목을 몰래 이혼협의서에 명시해 놓았다고 한다;;

 
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from Angèle Lewis

[Le jardin cimetière]

Un jardin géant Vallonné De l'herbe verte Tirant sur le bleu De grands arbres Tordus et inquiétants Comme des saules pleureurs L'odeur entêtante Mielleuse Des cerisiers noirs Des pivoines Des œillets De la menthe

Et surtout La discrète mélancolie Des plantes carnivores

 
En savoir plus...

from Angèle Lewis

[Dans le fond]

En eau profonde Sans lumière Ou celle Des planctons-lucioles Espace noir Aux reflets moirés Moi Poids liquide Une goutte dans l'océan de pluie Vaporeuse Dissoute Comme contenue Continuité d'un tout qui s'étend sans s'éteindre Étreinte de silence Je me lance vers le fond Lentement Au rythme des écailles Des filaments Et des courants La solitude en cadeau Car dans l'eau Le cœur bat seul et ensemble Goutte parmi les gouttes Invisible et indivisible Reine Du royaume caché au fond de soi

 
En savoir plus...

from Angèle Lewis

[Urticante douceur]

J'ai Mes crocodiles intérieurs Mes requins Mes méduses Dents acérées Brûlures Défenses qui me nuancent Qui révèlent une moi Abrasive Qui décape/Qui dérange Qui griffe et qui attaque Par sa langue et ses idées

Plaisir d'aller vite Bondir Crier

Je saute sur le dos des sauriens Joue et discute avec les requins Nage avec mes méduses Vivante et tranquille Dans mes eaux

Murs mouvants Urticants Sans danger pour qui vient y nager Doucement

Pas de danger Pour qui a l'âme légère Des justes Les juges Sont les échos des vagues

Aux mouvements doux La mer sera douce Et ses habitants – et son habitante - Aussi

 
En savoir plus...

from Musings by @rg


Start Me Up!

It's January 2020, and in a few days Microsoft will end support for Windows 7 users. No more security fixes, no more bug fixes.

While this might be causing some anxiety to anyone still running a Windows 7 computer, here is a Good News item for you.

Microsoft is still allowing Windows 7 and 8.x users to upgrade their systems (which must be activated) for FREE to a Windows 10 of the same family or variant.

Someone running Windows 7 Home, Home Premium or Ultimate can go thru the process (it's simple and worked well in my personal experience), and have a legal and Activated Windows 10 Home digital license at the end.

If you start with a Windows 7 or 8.x Professional, you will end up with Windows 10 Professional, again fully licensed and activated. No gimmicks!

I was really surprised when RYen, a friend at Hackers.Town mentioned this when he saw my earlier Blog post about how to get OEM Windows 10 Pro license keys cheaply. I followed a link he provided, and read the article.


Why is Microsoft still doing this ?

A good quote from the article clarifies:

The answer to that first question is easy. Remember, Microsoft's Windows business is predicated on its partnership with PC makers, who pay a license fee for every copy of Windows they install on a new PC. Those OEMs are none too happy about the idea of extending the life of an older PC; they would much rather have you buy a brand new PC instead.

So, to mollify its OEM partners, Microsoft put a time limit on the free upgrade offer, and they simply don't speak of it now. The Windows marketing team continues to promote new models of Windows PCs, and the enterprise sales staff continues to sell volume licenses of Windows 10 Enterprise and Microsoft 365 subscriptions. Nobody talks about upgrades.

Frankly, at this point the only people who are still interested in a free upgrade are enthusiasts, home users, and very small businesses running hardware that's at least four years old.

Makes complete sense, and thank you Ed Bott, from ZDNet!


What are the Requirements ?

Microsoft allowed this kind of free upgrade, officially, until July, 2016, and closed the door at that time. To qualify for this undisclosed offer (again, tested successfully with 2 systems, worked in both Win 7 and 8.1), to qualify you need to have a fully activated operating system installed.

  • It will be upgraded within the same family (Home versions, or Pro versions).
  • You need to use the same type of release; 32 bit installs only upgrade to 32 bit Windows 10 versions.
  • Memory requirements, a 2 GB system would work better with a 32 bit version install, imo, as the 64 bit ones require more RAM for the system itself.

Upgrade options ?

The upgrade installation is very easy for any average user – you just need to download a small program from Microsoft, which will check your system for compatibility. Download the install program from this page.

The page has some explanations and tips, you can read those — or simply get the install tool directly from Microsoft Servers.

  • The upgrade program will list any incompatible software found, and offer to uninstall it for you.
  • This again without any user intervention besides accepting the offer to remove the program.

Once those preliminary checks are made, he upgrade program will ask you how you want to handle existing files and applications :

  • Keep all user data only. No apps will be migrated to the new install.
  • Keep all user data and apps – the easiest to keep everything as is and accessible.

Create Install Media or Not ?

On the next stage, you have two options about how the installation will proceed.

  • download and install in this system only. No extra media is needed (USB stick, external drive, etc).
  • Download the operating system package, and save it or prepare installation media (USB stick, DVD R disc, etc).

If you only have one system in the house (or office) that needs the upgrade, the simple choice is to let the installer handle it, and simply install and clean up afterwards.

If you need to upgrade more than one system, accept the option and the installer will download and later help you prepare a bootable USB drive, which can be used multiple times. Or burn the same to a DVD R disc, you will need a blank 8 GB disc.


Running the install ?

Very simply, you started it with the upgrade tool from within your working Windows 7 (or 8.x) system; make the choices, as described above. And relax and do something else while it goes to work

The installer will request and download the correct version from the Microsoft servers; this will be a large download, about 5 GB. (have more systems to upgrade? Save this and prepare the Boot media as offered in the installer, and reuse this. Saves another large download).

Once the download is completed, the Setup will start, and proceed to install, migrating your apps if you chose so, saving your files intact.


What to expect ?

Although it can take some time, the process is painless and no user intervention is needed. So I would recommend this to anyone who still runs a Windows 7 or 8.x system, as long as you have at least the 2 GB minimum system RAM as required.

I have personally followed this procedure and done two complete upgrades – both without any difficulties.

  • A Windows 7 Home Premium 64 bits laptop, now running Windows 10 Home 64 bits.
  • A Windows 8.1 Pro 32 bits desktop, now upgraded to Windows 10 Pro, 32 bits.

Good luck and enjoy you freely upgraded and more modern O.S. Happy New Year!


Thank you for reading this, please feel free to comment about this post, your input is important. This page created entirely in MarkDown language.

R.G. @design_RG@Qoto.org

 
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from Musings by @rg


And today we start the day with a To Do clean-up; pending things that need action. Including a recent discovery I made, surprising to me, that my home and primary instance in the Mastodon network was not visible, searchable and in fact, fully Blocked at another place.

Being active and curious, I do have accounts in maybe 10 instances or so, used in varying degrees, some frequently visited, others less so.

Very recently I made a blog post with discussions on why choosing an instance is important, what factors to consider when doing so, and a partial list with descriptions and details of some of the ones I enjoy.

That post is located here.

After creating a new blog post, I prepare a release text for announcing it in the Fediverse. About 500 characters, it also includes a good image and is posted at Qoto.org, my primary account (and the one which signs off all posts here).

Once this is ready, the text and image are posted at Qoto, and I do visit some of my other accounts, search for that Status URL, and proceed to Boost it for reaching more people if possible.

While doing this, I visited one, Mastodon.Technology, where I could not find the status on that normal search. Odd. What is going on?

A search for my user profile at Qoto did not bring ANY results either. It dawned on me that something was amiss...


WTF ? Blocked possibly ?

Yes, that was the first thing that crossed my mind. M.T has some clear rules at their front door, the famous About-More pages. I looked there, and found a link to a Git instance, with a list.

And. We are on it. Last on the list, suggesting possibly a recent addition to his Disgraceful People List. (some are ghastly places, I would agree)


Why ?

Good question. I couldn't see why. Ash has provided some info :

Blocked Instances :

“Here are the instances that m.t has blocked. This list is not meant to be authoritative for other administrators. We reserve the right to silence or suspend any instance for any reason. If you are an administrator of an instance on this list, feel that you shouldn't be blocked, and have checked our Code of Conduct, you can contact Ash Furrow through email to discuss getting unblocked.”

Aha.

This happened a few days ago. What then?


How to Proceed :

Since it was now clear that an Instance Ban was in place, the next step was communicating with our Admin. We discussed it, and I offered to try and deal with Mr. Furrow and request a review of their decision. Dr. Freeman, our admin and domain owner, agreed, and I went about preparing a case.

  • First step, read his provided link to Code of Conduct (the About-More page).
  • Upon reading it, find what we could have done to be black listed.

And it seems it's the final paragraphs, shown in this snapshot.

So, Guilty by Association, I gather? Ah, yes, to protect the Free Speech of some users, I see.

Had this in my notes and on a admin Forum thread, and now took time and wrote a full, formal letter to Mr. Furrow.

Which, being a writer and a budding citizen journalist, I chose to publish here, in full as well. Text of letter follows, it is only being altered here for formatting enhancements that MarkDown and Write Freely provide.


Full Letter Text :

January 6, 2020.

To : Ash Furrow, administrator, Mastodon.Technology via email – ash@ashfurrow.com

From : RG, staff member, Moderator at Qoto.org domain

CC : @freemo@qoto.org, Admin, Qoto.org

Re : Blocked status of Qoto.org on your instance, Mastodon.technology.

Dear Mr. Furrow,

I am a member of Qoto.org, where I am part of the domain Staff, and moderator at both the Mastodon instance and our Discourse Forums. Being an active user and a curious human being, I do have accounts in various other instances, including yours, where my handle is @rgx.

Thank you for hosting that service, it seems a nice and active community, and themed on Technology which is one of my personal interests. Being so busy with my Qoto participation, user support, starting to write my own personal Blog, I haven't had the opportunity of participating as much at M.T.

Was however surprised to discover I could not find one of my own Blog announcement posts, from the search function at M.T, where I intended to Boost it for wider audience viewing possibilities.

The Search turned out Blank, no results. A search for my own account at Qoto, @design_RG@qoto.org, also turned out blank.

My hunch that this was possibly due to an Instance Block was confirmed by viewing your Blocked instances list .

Honestly, I was appalled. I feel that we are doing a good job and providing valuable services, an active community and an instance theme that is unique, as far as I know.

As mentioned in the page above :

“If you are an administrator of an instance on this list, feel that you shouldn't be blocked, and have checked our Code of Conduct, you can contact Ash Furrow through email to discuss getting unblocked.”

I did read the referenced page for CofC, and discussed my findings in our Admin forum at Qoto with Dr. Jeff Freeman, our domain owner and Admin. Mr. Freeman agreed to my proposal of contacting you via email to discuss this, and any remediation possibilities.

From reading your CofC, and considering that we are an instance and community in good standing, preeminently listed at the head of Suggested Instances at JoinMastodon.org , I am contacting you to request your consideration of a lift on this instance ban.

I imagine your reason for such is :

“To protect the free speech of users belonging to marginalized groups, mastodon.technology does not federate with overtly fascist instances. Additionally, we will refuse to federate with instances that themselves choose to federate with fascist instances.”

Is that correct? I can't think of any other possible reason.

I would like to add that I personally dislike some of the communities which are part of the Fediverse; and exercise my user rights on blocking Gab and their peripheral instances in my own personal account. I also intend on writing, shortly, a new blog post documenting all kinds of Filtering and Content blocking that users can utilize to their own satisfaction and better enjoyment of their Fedi accounts.

But as an active user and content provider at Qoto, which is also the channel for my personal blog writing announcements, I am dismayed by our instance being blocked by M.T., specially considering it's a large community and themed in Tech, one of my main personal interests.

On behalf of myself and many other Qoto users, who daily provide good content and valuable interactions with many other instances, I am hereby, with authorization from Dr. Freeman, requesting that you please consider lifting your instance blocking of Qoto.org.

I am also happy to discuss this matter and accept any comments and suggestions on this matter, on behalf of Qoto administration staff and our user community.

I can be reached via this email, which is my Fedi accounts mainline, or via DM to my @design_RG@qoto.org account. In your own instance, my account is @rgx@mastodon.technology .

Thank you for your time, attention and considering this request.

Sincerely,

RG, for the Qoto.org administration team.

cc: QOTO@syncleus.com


Final Thoughts :

I have sent this letter, the Image at the head of today's blog is a snapshot of my email client just after sending it. Will be waiting for a response, which I hope Mr. Furrow will provide to a courteous and carefully written inquiry.

Thank you, Mr Furrow. I will update this with any news as it develops.


Thank you for reading this, please feel free to comment about this post, your input is important. This page created entirely in MarkDown language.

R.G. @design_RG@Qoto.org

 
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from Musings by @rg

Casual Conversation, Interesting Tips.

Once again I had an enjoyable conversation, earlier today. From my laptop, logged into my Qoto acount via Web client, I also browsed Mastodon.social via Pinafore, and we started a chat.

Achso was there(@achso@mastodon.social), and we kind of continued a conversation from a day or two before. I enjoyed it, said a lot, and thought it would make for a nice blog post.

The full thread is online, and can be seen here. I was posting via Pinafore, and limited to 500 characters, unfortunately – which led to some choppy posts (instance there limited to 500 chars max).

We really should petition Eugen R. @gargron@mastodon.social and beg for a larger limit for the MaximumTootSize variable. Currently, it's 500 characters, larger in some instances that customized their own limits.


Conversation Follows.

( Achso's Toots are shown in quoted form, mine are in plain text form. )

@achso : Otherwise this will stay a niche thing. And it deserves better than that. I think it is sad that many of my old contacts from abroad – US and other places – refuse to leave their old biotope.


Some people will come and see what is going on here if it keeps growing and getting media reports.

I only joined here in November — close to 2 months now, but in that short time I went from total newbie to having 3,400 posts or so, Staff position at my main instance, and being part of maybe 10 instances of Mastodon alone.

Plus the wonderful integrated services – love Write.freely!

Insta, I stayed away, always. Dumb people, hashtag binging, bothers me, they are clueless.


Curiously — I found my curiosity and interest in this Fediverse due to a BBC News report about the Indian Diaspora, from TW to mastodon instances.

Saw it on my rarely visited TW timeline, read the article. Uhm, what is mastodon?

LOL, the rest is #history.... :-P

Having lots of fun, it's keeping me happy and busy thru Winter, depressive in general in our Northern latitudes.


This very article :

@achso : Twitter classified the famous Landmesser-photo as “hateful imagery”? Wow... I think there is no lack of antifascist people on Twitter now, but many of them act like – cough... – fascists. Intolerant, stubborn, uptight... Anyway, Mastodon is different, which is good. ;)

Yes, I like it here, it's very refreshing!

With politics and all, but like on Fidonet, we can make waves, run our own things, and have a voice.

On the algorithm driven major soc media sites, not a chance, they silence you simply by not showing your content.

Hey, if you even want to try a smaller instance, come and visit Qoto.org, it's a nice place, if I may say so.


But does Choosing an Instance Matter ?

@achso: Is it really important which instance some is on? Isn't it the core of the fediverse that it does not? Just asking...

I think that is an excellent question! And I am part of various ones, although lift the flag and sign my blog with my main one.

How does it differ, being in one or another?

  • a very small instance will likely have a very quiet local Feed. This is sad, as the Local feed is where I find most social interaction happens; camaraderie, we see each other, all posts. And sometimes we provide support just to encourage a friend to keep going.

  • at the opposite end, a very large instance will have an extremely busy Local feed; no lack of things to look at, but like Twitter, many will fly by without any reaction, as people don't have the time to relate, read, respond before another barrage of posts land.

I visit and post somethings here in ms.soc, it's the Flagship and sometimes good for exposure. But it wouldn't work for me as a home. I find the Local feed overwhelming indeed.


  • So size is important. Theme also – there are generalist instances, and posts from all kinds; might be good to discover new things, interesting. Less good for more focused posts or interests, which sometimes a more focused instance can better take care of.

  • Language, one's native one is ideal, even if we do fluent English, thankfully, bridging the divide; I still love to write and converse in other languages.

  • Culture : like travel, seeing the instances in other countries, is fun.


I love this discussion and will likely collate all of my posts above and build an article for a blog post on it. I have been enjoying doing that.

Wanted to ask you, remember our chat from yesterday, regarding Fidonet, Front Door? wanted to request if you allow me to quote you on a possible article for the blog?

If you prefer not to, I understand, but I am a learning journalist and respect my sources. Thank you for the nice conversations!

@achso: Sure, no problem.Nothing wrong with a little bit of sentimentality. :)

BTW: As a journalist (desk editor, reporter) for more than 30 years I have to help my young fellow colleagues, no? ;)


Thanks, Achso!

This was a fun conversation, and helped me organize thoughts on why visiting, getting to know different instances is fun and important.

I enjoy traveling and choosing small cafés or restaurants in the streets of towns and cities abroad. Our mastodon instances are very much like Cafés, and the quality varies, the customer base is a big part of how nice they are, how active specially. Management can also make or break a community.

I am grateful to the administrators and staff team of the various instances which I belong to; with all of them I have learned, observed and thought about different ways things can be done. Fun. Thank you, friends. ;–)

Below I will outline a little about these instances I frequent. No specific recommendations, just notes, maybe help you know what's available and how they can vary?


Some instances I frequent :

In no particular order, just writing from the top of my head in my text editor...

  • Qoto.org – listed in my blog signature, Qoto is my primary instance; one where I spend most of my time, have made many posts and enjoy socializing with local friends which follow my work closely. I have volunteered and been elected as a Moderator there recently.

Instance Theme : STEM, Science, Technology, Engineering and Math are the theme here. Not strictly enforced in everyday posting, which can be relaxed (I do contribute a lot of Cat pictures!).

Users number : just over 6,500 now with a recent influx of Spanish Twitter migration. Registrations : open.


  • Todon.nl – A Leftwing instance, Todon has some nice people I had met over the Feeds and enjoyed conversations with. I am also aligned with the local political lean, so it's one of my favourites. Well connected, posts distribute quickly.

Instance Theme : there's a number of activists, and users who enjoy the place, where they won't meet any vociferous politically opposing people.

Users number : just over 5,300. Registrations : are via an application, explain how your personal views align with Todon's. [temporarily Closed atm]


  • Hackers.town – a community of people interested in computing, network and systems administration, security, privacy, and related topics. An interesting place for people interested in learning about those topics, which is my case, because it has experienced users in these various fields.

Instance Theme ; Technology, Computing, Security, CyberPunk.

Users number : about 200, although their total post count is astronomical. Registrations : are controlled, as the front door says “Speak friend and enter.”


  • Toot.Cafe – This is an instance frequented by programmers, web designers, etc, and administered by Nolan, the author of the brilliant Pinafore mastodon client. For many knowledgeable users, Pinafore is tops, for it's speed, streamlining and support of multiple instances – and ease of switching between them. See more information at the project's home. Not a general instance, but I enjoy visiting and chatting with Nolan when I have a suggestion for Pinafore.

Instance Theme : Web design, Mastodon, programming, UI design, Clients for Mastodon network. Users number : 2,772 Registrations : Open, via Request an Invite link at front door.


“All friendly creatures are welcome. Be excellent to each other, live humanism, no nazis, no hate speech. Not only for nerds, but the domain is somewhat cool. ;) No bots in general! (only with prior permission)”.

E.U. based, so European Privacy and other laws apply – an advantage for me, in any network services choice if available.

Instance Theme : A General instance, based in Germany. Posts in English and German.

Users number : 365 Registrations : Open


  • Mastodon.social – The Mothership, this instance is home to Eugene R., who is the lead developer of the Mastodon project.

For many new users, it's the only instance they know of, so it has a large influx of new people and the largest number of users in Fediverse (not counting the Gab instance and peripheral systems, as they are not widely accepted by a lot of other fediverse instances).

A very, very busy local timeline, if you get bored of waiting for some new post at any smaller instances. A good place to see what a very large Mastodon instance would feel like (and to know what kids of hardware it takes for such high numbers of users). Also a good place to boost posts from, if you want some extra spreading for a new thread.

Instance Theme : a General instance, no specific theme.

Users number : 455,000 as I write. Registrations : open.


  • Mastodon.technology – A fairly large instance, with a Tech theme and actively moderated. The administrator has clearly stated rules and isolates his instance from many others.

Some of the excluded instances (as listed in his git page here) are black balled simply for federating with other instances that Ash Furrow, the local admin, does not want connections with. Sadly this blocks a lot of info from other, more open minded instances (and I mean the ones that are not fascist dominated, but get tarred here in his extensive blocked list).

Instance Theme : Tecnnology. But selectively disconnected, see note above.

Users number : 19,500 Registrations : Open, fill in form (“Why do you want to Join us?”) to request an invite.


Mastodon Instances in the World :

Bonus, if you read this far in the page, lol... A nice world Map showing the local concentration of Instances. Click on Image for Large Version. Map of Mastodon instances from Mastodon Network Monitoring Project, August 17, 2017.

From an interesting article At Medium.com.


Thank you for reading this, please feel free to comment about this post, your input is important. This page created entirely in MarkDown language.

R.G. @design_RG@Qoto.org

 
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from Musings by @rg

Received an interesting suggestion via Direct Message, it said :

What do you think about: Starting a hashtag like : “qotoarticle” and all qoto-users who publish journalism-like or good pieces from the internet shall use this # to make it possible to find an interesting collection of qoto-news, without all the fun-stuff burying it?

This is a nice idea — and I am opening a Discourse Forum thread to chat about it.

Why there, not in the normal Mastodon Local timeline? A few reasons:

  • we won't be posting all kinds of tag ideas with hashes that will go live, and maybe never used again.
  • it's open to anyone who wants to read it, as I will add thread URL here, and it's publicly readable to all.
  • it's open to replies, all you need is a quick registration, confirm the email, and presto, you are in.

So all good, isn't it?


Consider it done;

Done, my friend, and here are some of my hash suggestions.

  • They need to be easy, short if possible.
  • easy to spell so both posters and searchers can use the tag for their own means.
  • unique, so they will collect the intended posts and no strain content.

Which do I think could work? Uhmmm... Brainstorming, put ideas out and don't judge them. Add more ideas. Decide later, at evaluation time.

Maybe : qoto-news . qoto-journal . qoto-daily . qoto-top . qoto-stem . qoto-hq .

or : stem-news . stem-hq . stem-daily . stem-mvp .

Do they have to include the “qoto” word and brand ID? not necessarily, we are just considering ideas here.

  • If including, they might get people to pay attention to our instance in general.
  • It could be used by others, in fact any hash tag can be overwhelmed and spammed, unfortunately;
  • not much defense from that other than blocking the twits who did it.

There, the ball is at play, let's hear what you all think?

Thank you for considering and participating.

#STEM #science #math #Engineering #Math news are of interest to people all over the #Fediverse


Follow-Up :

All of my long posts are not written in the Toot Editor box — too small for serious writing. I use a simple Text Editor, EditPad Lite, free and powerful. Love to get into it and away from the zillion Tabs open in my browsers (2 to 3 sets, in separate windows. I know, busy guy here.)

  • So, I wrote all of the above in the text editor.
  • Then copied it to Clipboard, pasted into the Discourse Forum, new Thread.
  • Copied the URL (address) of that new thread, to use in Mastodon announcement.
  • Switched tab to Qoto Mastodon; pasted the Clipboard contents, first the full text, then the URL, also stored in it.
  • I had searched on Bing for a good image, sized it for my normal Blog post header at 640 pixels width.
  • Opened and added it to post via Toot Editor insert Image (paper clip icon).

Hit Enter and now that was complete! Ah, sent my friend a link to the Forum with the URL too.

Some replies followed, and considering their content (showing interest, support and some extra suggestions), I made one more longer post, next.


Additional Contents Requirements ?

I found it was a wonderful idea and suggestion — was glad to receive it, can see the use, for sure.

We need a good hash word, as outlined above, so it will get used.

I like the suggestions of *some content standards for people using the tag*. These not only liven each post, but can lead the way to everyone following the model and producing richer posts all the time.

Some of the possibilities for suggested requirements:

  • a relevant image in each post. Size should be manageable, too large a file uses disk space everywhere, we can including an image at about 700x700 pixels comfortably. And include a link in the post if you think a higher resolution version is important; then it's available if people want to see it.

  • A clear and relevant Title in the first line. Before starting the post, put a blank line after it. So the title will stand out on it's own in people's Feedlines. A better change to snag a reader is important!

  • Always provide any relevant links with the post. If something is a more extensive post, maybe it can benefit from a Blog placement; Like the posts I write and post at WriteFreely. Still, these longer articles can be Announced in Mastodon, with the same format as other, shorter ones; a Clear Title; some text Body; link to full article elsewhere; Always a Good Image! (we are fighting for people's attention, everyday)

  • You can post longer pieces in Mastodon as well; Qoto is very special in allowing a HUGE 65,000 characters max per Toot. But even elsewhere, it's feasible to make a Thread, successive posts in reply to the previous one; Best done as a Thread with the 2nd and later replies all set to Unlisted privacy setting (to avoid clogging Local timelines)

  • if doing multipart posts, you need to work careful and quickly — to try and avoid anyone jumping in with a comment or reply while you are still mid-stream in the posts. It's possible, but a bit tense (I did this before). Best done with a machine supporting an enhanced Clipboard, capable of storing multiple pieces of information.

  • I have and use this daily — Windows 10 now supports it, all you need is to press WinKey-V, and it will show all current clipboard contents, in time order; you can select any of them, text, URL, image, to insert at this point. So a multi-part post can ALL be copied to Clipboard, piece by piece, then inserted into Toot Editor in quick succession. Insert, Toot. Click Reply, insert next, Toot. and so on, until complete. You will overwhelm any humans looking at the post, less likely to have a stray response.

I made a nice and long thread with the story of a visit to a Museum, posted here. Later it became a Full Blog post, which took more work but all the story was written already. I used a plain text editor in my laptop, and tuned away all the distractions.

At the end of a post, it would be nice to find some References — links, see also, anything related to your article. This can be done in a simple way, as a list of words and links to further info, as seen in the very last Toot in my Museum thread.

Stopping at this point, as it's getting long, but I already see this thread as my topic of the day for a blog post. ;–)


Conclusion?

We now have the Forum thread, and it allows for easier reading to anyone using a laptop or Desktop computer. Posts there can also be edited, enhanced with in-line images, and use all of the formatting power and beauty of the MarkDown language. A lot of this was formatted there.

Later, I copied all of the text into Clipboard, and into my own WriteFreely instance — my editing platform for Blog work is running in my own laptop here, so I can use it even if Internet goes down, and the responses are lightning fast.

Once I am happy with the text and layout, imagery, I can copy and paste the full MarkDown source into my blog hosts.

Hopefully we get good response in the Forum thread, where everyone can respond fast and easily with their comments, ideas. Again, the Discourse Forum Thread is Here. Please visit there or respond to our Mastodon Thread about this idea here.


Thank you for reading this, please feel free to comment about this post, your input is important. This page created entirely in MarkDown language.

R.G. @design_RG@Qoto.org

 
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from Musings by @rg


New Year's day, and all is quiet in the land. :–)

Time to catch up, and I remembered an idea for a blog post a few days ago. We were having some discussions (which turned a bit heated), but later things calmed down.

Chatting in a Mastodon network thread, I mentioned the situation reminded me a lot of my days in the BBS world; where I started in computers, dial-up modems, and the network I was soon participating in – called FidoNet. The conversation went as follows:


Brings memories of sysops battling it out on our local FidoNet network!!

Time goes on, humanity continues.

Fediverse is indeed quite similar to the wonderful pioneer that Fidonet was. Way before internet was accessible to the masses.

@anarchiv : as a part of the unthinking masses, I don't know what that is.

Fidonet? it was a network formed by independant system operators (sysops for short) in the days of BBSes (Bulletin Board Systems) being the only computers you could reach and connect to from home.

We only had dial up lines, but it was amazing to dial up and connect to a place with information, software for download, online games. All of this for free in most cases.

People operated those as a hobby, all of them loved computing. It attracted similar people, which is how I joined. 1992.


I will write a blog post or more about it soon, there's so many good stories and similarities to the Fediverse. It felt immediately similar when I joined here.

Even the brawling with other sysops, who sometimes we didn't like, we did that as well, lol.

Great fun to be had, lots of coffee was consumed, talks went late into the night.

The network was worldwide, and sent international mail via phone calls. Data lines? not available at the time.

Memories...

Another conversation mentioned Fidonet on our Local instance chats.


I have been seeing and feeling many similarities between the fediverse and my first experience with networking, way back in the early 90s.

Back then, all we had were BBSes, phone lines and 2400 bps modems, but there was an international network linking many of them already – FidoNet.

FidoNet had as one of its core principles something similar to your approach here:

  • Thou Shall not be Annoying. immediately followed by :
  • Thou Shall not be Easily Annoyed.
    Words of wisdom to live by!

@freemo : I started on the BBS dialup days as well. The connected network between them was just coming around at the time.

Did you play the Doors games like LOTRD?

Yes, I did play some of the games. Sometimes you had to be waiting to be able to connect, as in most cases there was only one phone line. People had fun running a BBS in a spare computer, and we could get software galore, when there was no Internet access to the public, which only came later (about 1995 or so here in Canada).

Watching the dialing, the link negotiation between the modems, seeing the ASCII art load, it was so much fun.

@freemo : The good ol' days :)


From those pioneer days, fast forward 25 years — And now we have online, free streaming video of the nice “BBS – The Documentary” series, by Jason Scott.

The full series is on Qoto Peertube; see a playlist with all 8 episodes here. If you want to see the FidoNet episode, part 4, it's here.

Synopsis from DVD version :

From the DocuWiki page for this series, we have the full synopsis :

Long before the Internet escaped from the lab, connected the planet and redefined what it meant to use a computer there was a brave and pioneering band of computer users who spent their time, money and sanity setting up their home computers and phone lines to welcome anyone who called. By using a modem, anyone else who knew the phone number of these computers could connect to them, leave messages, send and recieve files.... and millions did.

They called these places “Bulletin Board Systems”, or BBSes. And their collections of messages, rants, thoughts and dreams became the way that an entire generation learned about being online. When the Internet grew in popularity in the early 1990s, the world of the BBS faded, changed, and became a part of the present networked world.. but it wasn't the same.

Get your own copies :

Jason Scott has released the original DVDs to the Internet Archive, and anyone interested can watch online, download individual episodes — or the 3 DVD ISO images here.

Our PeerTube videos are better quality, a DVD rip by MVGroup.org and released in Bit Torrent and eMule networks (free user registration, login required).


References :

a. BBS systems :

A Bulletin Board System or BBS (once called Computer Bulletin Board Service, CBBS[1]) is a computer server running software that allows users to connect to the system using a terminal program. Once logged in, the user can perform functions such as uploading and downloading software and data, reading news and bulletins, and exchanging messages with other users through public message boards and sometimes via direct chatting. In the early 1980s, message networks such as FidoNet sprung up to provide services such as NetMail, which is similar to email. Wikipedia page

b. FidoNet computer network :

FidoNet is a worldwide computer network that is used for communication between bulletin board systems (BBSes). It uses a store-and-forward system to exchange private (email) and public (forum) messages between the BBSes in the network, as well as other files and protocols in some cases. Wikipedia page

c. Dial-Up Networking :

Dial-up Internet access is a form of Internet access that uses the facilities of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) to establish a connection to an Internet service provider (ISP) by dialing a telephone number on a conventional telephone line. Dial-up connections use modems to decode audio signals into data to send to a router or computer, and to encode signals from the latter two devices to send to another modem. Wikipedia page Dial up modem sounds Dial up video (26 secs)

#modem #DialUp #networking #Retro #Computing


Thank you for reading this, please feel free to comment about this post, your input is important. This page created entirely in MarkDown language.

R.G. @design_RG@Qoto.org

 
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from Erin Carson

Posted by Erin Carson October 20, 2019 at WordPress.com Posted in News

An incomplete list of places I go for news.
(Note: This list changes)

General News

U.S. News

News Aggregators & Wire Services

Internet News

Memes
Video Games

Technology

 
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